Killing SQL Server Process Ids (spids)

Posted: May 21, 2007 in SQLServer2000

Problem
I have noticed some of my processes are failing because spids are already connected to the database. This happens specifically when I need to a restore database. I catch this problem pretty quick when I am working on it during the data and can fix it, but during nightly processing existing spids become problematic. I have also noticed existing spids causing problems for my SQL Server 2000 Database Maintenance Plans. I have found this issue in my logs specifically related to performing integrity checks (DBCC CHECKDB (‘YourDatabaseName’) REPAIR_FAST) when the database needs to be in single user mode before the integrity check commands run. How can I kill these spids prior to running my processes?

Solution
Killing the spids is the process that needs to occur prior to issuing DBCC CHECKDB or performing the database restore process. Killing the spids can be accomplished by adding another step to your SQL Server Agent Jobs or in your script\stored procedure calling the code below to perform the KILL process prior to executing code that needs exclusive use of the database.

SQL Server 2000 and SQL Server 2005

USE Master
GO
SET NOCOUNT ON

— 1 – Variable Declaration
DECLARE @DBID int
DECLARE @CMD1 varchar(8000)
DECLARE @spidNumber int
DECLARE @SpidListLoop int
DECLARE @SpidListTable table
(UIDSpidList int IDENTITY (1,1),
SpidNumber int)

— 2 – Populate @SpidListTable with the spid information
INSERT INTO @SpidListTable (SpidNumber)
SELECT spid
FROM Master.dbo.sysprocesses
WHERE DBID NOT IN (1,2,3,4) — Master, Tempdb, Model, MSDB
AND spid > 50
ORDER BY spid DESC

— 3b – Determine the highest UIDSpidList to loop through the records
SELECT @SpidListLoop = MAX(UIDSpidList) FROM @SpidListTable

— 3c – While condition for looping through the spid records
WHILE @SpidListLoop > 0
BEGIN

— 3d – Capture spids location
SELECT @spidNumber = spidnumber
FROM @spidListTable
WHERE UIDspidList = @SpidListLoop

— 3e – String together the KILL statement
SELECT @CMD1 = ‘KILL ‘ + CAST(@spidNumber AS varchar(5))

— 3f – Execute the final string to KILL the spids
— SELECT @CMD1
EXEC (@CMD1)

— 3g – Descend through the spid list
SELECT @SpidListLoop = @SpidListLoop – 1
END

SET NOCOUNT OFF
GO

Next Steps

  • Check your Database Maintenance Plan logs or SQL Server Agent Job Step History to determine when existing spids are preventing your automated processes from succeeding.
  • Depending on the user and/or automated processes that are running dictates how the scripts above should be modified to meet your needs.
  • Although the scripts above are beneficial for you to execute your process, you may also need to consider the other processes that are running and determine if 1 or more of the processes need to be executed at another time period for all of the processes to complete in a reasonable time period. For example, you may not want to kill a process at 4:00 AM that needs 4 hours to complete and must be finished by 8:00 AM. In this circumstance, re-scheduling the process may be a better bet.
  • Check out these related tips from MSSQLTips.com:
  • Stay tuned for another tip on situational alternatives to issuing the KILL command.

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